Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) Funding Formula Evolution
Dawn K. Aldridge
The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) funding formulas have evolved to deal with emerging issues and emerging philosophies of funding. The components of the funding formulas depend considerably upon the changing philosophies of Congress, rule makers, and the public. In the early years of WIC, the reigning philosophy was that this extremely important and effective program should grow rapidly to reach a large number of eligible people. In those years, the funding formulas primarily reflected the value of rapid growth in the public interest of serving as many eligible, needy women, infants, and children as possible. Equalizing resources among states was a secondary concern. As WIC has become larger and established, participation growth has flattened. WIC now serves a significant proportion of eligible people. In the stability years since 1997, Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) funding formula philosophy has shifted more towards equity. This shift is evident in recent rule making.
Nutrition Services Administration (NSA) grant; food grant; fair share; Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children; WIC.