Journal of Official Statistics, Vol.13, No.3, 1997. pp. 305–315
Understanding the Cognitive Processes Used by Women Reporting Cancer Prevention Examinations and Tests
Seymour Sudman, Richard Warnecke, Timothy Johnson, Diane O'Rourke, Andrew M. Davis, and Jared B. Jobe
Abstract:This article reports the results of a study that determined the cognitive processes used by women to answer questions about the number of cancer screening tests they received during the previous five years. Most respondents estimated based on a schema that they received such tests on a regular annual basis. These estimates overstated the receipt of health care when compared to record data because the actual gaps between tests were longer than a year and because missed tests were forgotten. An attempt to improve respondent memory by revising the questionnaires was not successful.
Keywords:Regular behavior; reporting accuracy; schema.
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